Spaying is an important procedure that must be done carefully and with the utmost respect for your puppies and your dog’s feelings. It is a surgical process that a veterinarian performs, and it can only be done if the animal’s immune system is still intact. Spaying your puppy before pregnancy will decrease the risk of problems later on. Your veterinarian can explain all of the instructions of the procedure to you.


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What is Spaying?

The most commonly-used term “spaying” the female pet (or cats!) is often referred to as a method of preventing females from becoming pregnant and reducing the risk of litters that are not planned. But, it can also apply for two distinct surgical methods.

Ovariohysterectomy: It is by far the most popular kind of spay surgery that involves both the uterus and ovaries (both uterine horns and uterine body) are removed.

Ovariectomy: Although it is not as prevalent within this region of the United States, this is very popular in Europe. In this procedure, both ovaries are removed while the uterus stays in its place.

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Spraying Vs. Neutering.

If you’re looking for spaying and sex surgery, you’ve likely come across the word “neuter” in addition. What’s the difference between the two terms? In simple terms, neutering is the same operation as spay surgery; however, it’s only applicable to male animals.

Males are neutered while females get spayed. But, “intact dogs” (not neutered or spayed) can be utilized with male dog and female dog and cats. Both of these procedures remove hormone-producing organs that could change a pet’s behavior and reduce the possibility of having the birth of an unwanted litter.



Spaying Recovery period and Healing.

When you pick your pup up from the veterinary clinic the day of spaying surgery, she may be sleepy, tired, and wobbly. This is a normal side-effect from the anesthesia drugs, which can take 24-48 hours to fully wear off. Your spayed females dog will have an incision midline along its abdomen. This incision may be further forward or backward, depending on her age. Additionally, the incision length will vary based on your dog’s size, stage of her estrous cycle, surgical incision, or if she is pregnant.


Restrict Dog activity.

As a pet owner, Help your dog heal after spaying surgery and suture by restricting her activity for at least 10 to 14 days post-surgery. Your veterinarian may give specific instructions for a longer period of rest after surgery, depending on your dog’s particular situation. Leash walks with a gradual return to regular exercise are important.


Keep a collar on the dog.

Use an E-collar as instructed by your veterinarian to prevent your dog from licking her incision, which can lead to infection and premature removal of stitches.


Check Your Dog spay incision.

Monitor your dog’s surgical site daily for swelling, redness, or discharge. Opening the surgical site could lead to a major medical emergency for your dog. If the incision appears to have opened or stitches have come loose, go to veterinary medicine right away.


Avoid the Dog Park.

Please wait until after all your dog’s stitches have been professionally removed and her wounds are healed 100% before taking her to any dog park.


Provide Mental Stimulation Instead.

When your dog is relaxing from post-surgery, use toys that are puzzles for your pup. Chewing can also be mentally stimulating for your dog so consider getting chews and bones to keep your pup busy.

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How often are there complications with spaying?

Spaying your dog is common. However, it is invasive and does require general anesthesia. Undergoing anesthesia does have some risks. However, the anesthesia drugs are safer than they used to be, and your dog should be closely monitored while under anesthesia. Furthermore, spaying a dog is more complex than a neuter surgery, as the veterinarian will need to open the abdomen. Possible surgical complications can include:

Urinary incontinence: While not a surgical complication, some middle-aged and older dogs do have urinary incontinence years after surgery.

Nicking another structure with the scalpel blade, causing bleeding: Depending on the severity, if the bleeding is not noticed during surgery, this may continue to bleed, causing your dog’s abdomen to fill with blood. This is an emergency and often requires corrective surgery to stop the bleeding.

Leaving some ovarian tissue behind: This is possible if your dog’s ovaries are cystic and therefore sticking to the surrounding tissue. Consult with your veterinarian if you observe these signs, and additional surgery may be required.



Alternative heartworm treatment.

There is a possibility that your puppies will develop allergies to fleas or heartworm medicine if they are still in the uterus when their mother is spayed. Your veterinarian can check for this in your breeding plan. You may wish to consider an alternative heartworm treatment that is more affordable than using medications. You may choose to use Advantage, which is less expensive than other heartworm medications. If you wish, you can talk to your veterinarian about a monthly heartworm pill that you can take together with your monthly dose of Advantage.

How long after spay do dog puppies live is difficult to determine accurately, given the variety of factors that influence pet health. Spaying is usually effective, with fewer complications than before. But, it would be best if you were careful because there are always possible side effects from hormonal treatments and birth control pills, among others. You and your veterinarian can decide together the best course of action for your beloved pet.

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Puppies’ health and wellbeing.

Before you schedule how long after spay do dog puppies should stay in the home, talk to your veterinarian about the puppies’ health and wellbeing. There could be additional issues, such as heartworms, that would require a different treatment plan. Heartworms are more common in male dogs. They attach to the dog’s heart and, if left untreated, can cause failure and even death. To prevent heartworms in your dog, you should take him to his veterinarian yearly for checkups.


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Preventative medication.

The most common time for a veterinarian to visit your home to treat heartworms is during springtime, which is approximately March to May. During this time, your veterinarian will check on your puppies and heartworms. If he finds any signs of heartworms, your puppy will be placed on a preventative medication. Before sex month they can’t have heartworm medication but After six months, he can be given heartworm medication again.



Your dog should remain calm and quiet for 10-14 days following surgery. Dogs recovery depends on many factors. During this recovery period, she should not be allowed to play with other dogs as this can cause her sutures to tear, disrupting the healing process.




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